Read e-book online Transforming Peasants: Society, State and the Peasantry, PDF

By Judith Pallot

ISBN-10: 0333711955

ISBN-13: 9780333711958

ISBN-10: 1349265268

ISBN-13: 9781349265268

ISBN-10: 1349265284

ISBN-13: 9781349265282

The essays during this assortment discover the social 'construction' of the Russian peasantry within the interval among Emancipation and Collectivisation, and the influence of those buildings on Tsarist and Bolshevik agrarian coverage. The foreign crew of authors signify diversified traits within the old, sociological and geographical investigations of the East ecu peasantry and draw either upon the insights of cultural experiences and lately to be had archival fabrics to throw new mild at the courting among peasantry and different classes.

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Extra resources for Transforming Peasants: Society, State and the Peasantry, 1861–1930

Sample text

And I wanted to say that everyone everywhere is talking about improving the free expression of knowledge and ideas about cooperation, but in fact it's not like that. At the Khar'kov provincial congress [of credit co-operatives] in 1910, the speakers of the scholarly class [uchenago klassa] took up most of the time in their effort to make the conditions of the development of cooperation as clear as possible. The representatives from the localities, semi-literate peasants, give their notes [to the chair, asking to address the assembly] ...

Agrarian policy and social relations were not a matter of compromise and mutual influence between peasants and educated outsiders, nor even the enlistment of peasants to the goals of educated elites, but a dirigisme that paternalistically superimposed one understanding of culture, order and rationality on the vast majority of the population and left little room for peasants' own sense of interest. These dynamics were symptoms of a great divide that none of these groups could bridge, with the full implications becoming apparent in the last major rural conflagration in 1917.

Before the syndicates became 'all-powerful', the state, zemstva and 'society' should unite in their support of co-operative unions. 34 Making the Peasantry These understandings of economic irrationality, peasant backwardness and peasant powerlessness were not abstractions; they informed policy and structured the activity of field workers in their interactions with peasants. In the first place, attitudes toward 'capitalists' meant selecting those who were 'labouring peasants' and excluding those who were 'exploiters'.

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Transforming Peasants: Society, State and the Peasantry, 1861–1930 by Judith Pallot


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