By Gil Scott-Smith
This ebook analyses a key episode within the cultural chilly battle - the formation of the Congress for Cultural Freedom. when the Congress used to be verified to shield cultural values and freedom of expression within the chilly battle fight, its shut organization with the CIA later undermined its claims to highbrow independence or non-political autonomy. through reading the formation of the Congress and its early years of life in terms of broader problems with US-European family members, Giles Scott-Smith finds a extra advanced interpretation of the tale. The Politics of Apolitical tradition presents an in-depth photo of some of the hyperlinks among the political, fiscal and cultural geographical regions which resulted in the Congress.
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Extra resources for The Politics of Apolitical Culture: The Congress for Cultural Freedom,the CIA & Post-War American Hegemony (Routledge Psa Political Studies Series, 2)
Gramsci states that ‘the traditional and vulgarised type of the intellectual is given by the man of letters, the philosopher, the artist’. g. ecclesiastics. These bear the traits of intellectual identity discussed in the first part of this chapter. First, they seem ‘to represent an historical continuity uninterrupted even by the most complicated and radical changes in political and social forms’. This of course relates back to the history of the very idea and image of the intellectual in the modern age.
In an article from 1990, Edward Shils restated his belief that ‘it was intellectual liberty, not anticommunism, which was the crucial interest of the Congress’. The Congress for Cultural Freedom stands in a tradition of intellectuals of a common outlook joined together in a common task – it is a product of the 18th-century Enlightenment. 42 However, the list of central themes involved has to be completed with reference to the last and (for the CCF at least) most controversial issue, the ambiguous relationship between knowledge and power.
2 The political economy of US hegemony 1945–50 The initial context for examining the formation and cultural agenda of the Congress for Cultural Freedom (CCF) is the rise to dominance of an American internationalism that, combined with a deep-seated anti-communism, set the goals for post-war US foreign policy. Above all, this policy sought to overcome the conflicting interpretations and expectations of the post-war world by promoting the solution to European socio-economic problems through free enterprise and astute democratic political management.
The Politics of Apolitical Culture: The Congress for Cultural Freedom,the CIA & Post-War American Hegemony (Routledge Psa Political Studies Series, 2) by Gil Scott-Smith