By Cindy Cannizzo
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Extra info for The Gun Merchants. Politics and Policies of the Major Arms Suppliers
T h e e x t e n t and d e p t h of t h e c o n t r o v e r s y s h o u l d n o t b e u n d e r e s t i m a t e d ; t h e r e was d i s a g r e e m e n t on w h e t h e r a n a r m s t r a n s f e r " p r o b l e m " e v e n e x i s t e d , i t s n a t u r e and e x t e n t if it did, and what, if a n y t h i n g , should be done about it. Reflecting t h e s e d i v i s i o n s , t h e s t u d y listed ten p u r p o s e s widely b e l i e v e d to b e s e r v e d b y a r m s t r a n s f e r s : To support diplomatic efforts to r e s o l v e major r e g i o n a l c o n f l i c t s b y m a i n t a i n i n g local b a l a n c e s a n d e n h a n c i n g o u r access and influence v i s - a - v i s t h e parties; To i n f l u e n c e t h e political o r i e n t a t i o n s which control s t r a t e g i c r e s o u r c e s ; of nations To h e l p m a i n t a i n r e g i o n a l b a l a n c e s among n a t i o n s i m p o r t a n t to u s in o r d e r to a v e r t w a r o r political s h i f t s a w a y from u s ; To e n h a n c e t h e q u a l i t y a n d commonality of the c a p a b i l i t i e s of major Allies p a r t i c i p a t i n g w i t h u s in joint d e f e n s e a r r a n g e m e n t s ; To promote self-sufficiency in deterrence and d e f e n s e a s a s t a b i l i z i n g f a c t o r in i t s e l f a n d a s a m e a n s of r e d u c i n g t h e l e v e l and a u t o m a t i c i t y of p o s s i b l e American i n v o l v e m e n t ; To s t r e n g t h e n recipients; t h e i n t e r n a l s e c u r i t y a n d s t a b i l i t y of To limit Soviet i n f l u e n c e and m a i n t a i n t h e b a l a n c e in conventional arms; To e n h a n c e o u r g e n e r a l a c c e s s to and i n f l u e n c e with governments and military elites whose political o r i e n t a t i o n c o u n t s for u s on global o r regional issues; To p r o v i d e l e v e r a g e a n d i n f l u e n c e w i t h i n d i v i d u a l g o v e r n m e n t s on specific i s s u e s of immediate c o n c e r n to u s ; To and secure base rights, t r a n s i t r i g h t s to s u p p o r t overseas facilities, t h e d e p l o y m e n t and THE ARMS CONNECTION operations of s y s t e m s .
551. ^The Carter administration used ceiling rather than actual s a l e s 1979 ceiling f i g u r e . a C E I L I N G ON ARMS reduction inflation A d j u s t m e n t for Proposed FIGURE CEILING B A S E countries FMS Sales to e x e m p t sales nonweapons sales MAP commercial Other exempt non-weapons - EDA assistance IMET, military assistance Fiscal Calculating t h e Arms T r a n s f e r Billions of Dollars SSA Non-weapons-related SUBTRACT: Table 2 . 3 . THE ARMS CONNECTION 39 on c o s t s of p r e v i o u s s a l e s , e i t h e r a s f u r t h e r s p a r e p a r t s a n d s u p p o r t s e r v i c e s , o r a s n e w e q u i p m e n t in fulfillment of multiyear c o n t r a c t s .
THE ARMS CONNECTION 29 An a m e n d m e n t to t h e I n t e r n a t i o n a l T r a f f i c in Arms R e g u l a t i o n s will b e i s s u e d , r e q u i r i n g p o l i c y l e v e l a u t h o r i z a t i o n b y t h e D e p a r t m e n t of S t a t e for a c t i o n s by agents of the United States or private m a n u f a c t u r e r s , w h i c h m i g h t p r o m o t e t h e s a l e of a r m s abroad. In addition, embassies and military r e p r e s e n t a t i v e s a b r o a d will n o t p r o m o t e t h e s a l e of arms.
The Gun Merchants. Politics and Policies of the Major Arms Suppliers by Cindy Cannizzo