By Traci Ardren
Social Identities within the vintage Maya Northern Lowlands plumbs the archaeological list for what it may possibly show in regards to the construction of private and communal identities within the Maya global. utilizing new fundamental information from her excavations on the websites of Yaxuna, Chunchucmil, and Xuenkal, and new research of knowledge from Dzibilchaltun in Yucatan, Mexico, Traci Ardren provides a sequence of case experiences in how social identities have been created, shared, and manipulated one of the lowland Maya.
Ardren argues that the interacting elements of gender, age, familial and group thoughts, and the event of dwelling in an city environment have been the various key elements of Maya identities. She demonstrates that family and civic areas have been formed by means of gender-specific behaviors to speak and toughen gendered beliefs. Ardren discusses how baby burials reveal a sustained trend of reverence for the opportunity of formative years and the facility of convinced youngsters to mediate ancestral strength. She exhibits how small shrines equipped a century after Yaxuna was once principally deserted point out that its final citizens used reminiscence to reenvision their urban in the course of a time of cultural reinvention. And Ardren explains how Chunchucmil's actual format of homes, plazas, and surrounding surroundings denotes that its occupants shared an city identification based within the stream of alternate items and financial alternate. Viewing this proof throughout the lens of the social imaginary and different fresh social thought, Ardren demonstrates that fabric tradition and its circulations are a vital part of the discourse approximately social id and crew membership.
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Additional resources for Social Identities in the Classic Maya Northern Lowlands: Gender, Age, Memory, and Place
5 kilometers square, was the most densely occupied, with many residential groups clustered around large monumental architecture and elite residential compounds. This zone is surrounded by a residential periphery in which the settlement is almost exclusively domestic and finally by a hinterland or rural supporting population, for a total area of 64 kilometers square for greater Chunchucmil (Hutson et al. 2008, Magnoni et al. 2014) The high figures estimated for the Chunchucmil urban population are even more striking when the poor agricultural potential of the landscape around the site is considered.
I suggest that within this diverse and shifting social environment identity markers took on great importance as midlevel household groups within the epicenter of the city, whose occupants were largely dependent upon trade and other nonagricultural activities, struggled to position themselves within a varied population of similar merchants. A Culture of Exchange There is no scholarly agreement on a universal definition of cities, ancient or modern (Knox and Taylor 1995, Smith 2003). Even today, after a century of scholarship, the criteria for defining a city are regionally and culturally specific.
I summarize artifactual and architectural data in order to demonstrate the truly immense size of this ancient city and its social landscape, with a focus on the residential house-lot known as the Lool group. The environmental challenges of living not far inland from the coast on the dry northwestern plains provided a key motivation for a social imaginary centered on exchange. I attempt to reconstruct some of the interaction between the people of Chunchucmil and the coast, and the ways urban leaders controlled vital coastal resources, especially salt, as a means to comprehend the background understandings and practices shared by members of this very unusual place.
Social Identities in the Classic Maya Northern Lowlands: Gender, Age, Memory, and Place by Traci Ardren