By Katarzyna Lasinska
Katarzyna Lasinska offers with the results of democratic transitions in heart and japanese Europe. by means of picking particular units of nations in line with the most factors similar to Catholic culture, transformation method and communist legacies, the writer identifies key elements explaining specific findings in Poland. Thank to systematically used comparative learn technique the pitfalls of idiosyncratic argumentation are effectively refrained from. via inclusion of spiritual culture as an explanative issue the implications transcend the widely used East-West comparisons. the writer offers a finished photograph of advanced stipulations and diversified techniques for social capital construction throughout japanese ecu societies.
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Katarzyna Lasinska offers with the results of democratic transitions in center and japanese Europe. by means of making a choice on particular units of nations in accordance with the most reasons akin to Catholic culture, transformation technique and communist legacies, the writer identifies key components explaining specific findings in Poland.
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Extra resources for Social Capital in Eastern Europe: Poland an Exception?
At the micro level, post-communist societies seem to display patterns of determinants of social trust that are very similar to those of Western societies: “there are differences between Western states and those in transition to democracy, but overall, the similarities are greater. The variables that are significant for the West are also significant for the formerly communist states” (Uslaner 2003a, 89). Therefore when comparing aggregate levels of trust across societies we should find especially large differences between Western and Eastern societies, which might be the consequence of a negative collective experience related to years under communism and the troubles resulting from the transition period.
The extent to which Poland differs in its communist legacy from other countries in the region is discussed in chapter 3. First, we should learn whether the distributions of single components of social capital are indeed different in Eastern and Western Europe. Second, we should compare the endowment in social capital of Poland and other societies with a communist legacy. 4 Social capital in Central Eastern Europe: operationalisation and distribution “Weakness of civil society” and “culture of mistrust” seem to characterise the societies of Central Eastern Europe (Sztompka 1995; Howard 2003).
The concluding part examines to what extent Polish society is exceptional as far as the stock of social capital is concerned. 2 Social capital: functions and definition Social capital is “usually understood as a functional concept” (van Deth 2007, 152). The principal functions of social capital are supporting social cohesion and facilitating cooperation among individuals. The more face-to-face interactions, mutual trust K. 1007/978-3-658-00523-8_2, © Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden 2013 34 Social capital – conceptual framework and empirical findings and dense social networks a society has, the higher its contribution to a common well-being: “social capital makes us smarter, healthier, safer, richer, and better able to govern a just and stable democracy” (Putnam 2000, 290).
Social Capital in Eastern Europe: Poland an Exception? by Katarzyna Lasinska