By Thomas Drennen, Jennifer Rosthal
Hydrogen may perhaps sometime gasoline our vehicles and tool and warmth our houses and companies and revolutionize the best way we use power. relocating to a hydrogen economic climate may possibly support lessen our reliance on overseas oil, increase neighborhood air caliber, and decrease the chance of weather swap. regardless of the opportunity of hydrogen, there isn't any ensure that the hydrogen economic system will ensue because the hindrances are significant and the competing visions are many.
Pathways to a Hydrogen destiny seeks to untangle the competing visions of a hydrogen financial system, clarify the trade-offs and hindrances and provide techniques for a direction ahead. the implications are in line with a close simulation version built at Sandia nationwide Laboratories: "The Hydrogen Futures Simulation version (H2Sim)".
The model's constitution is perfect for exploring "what-if" questions, akin to: Can gas mobile automobiles (FCVs) compete economically with present autos if the FCVs are 2.5 instances as effective? may still the hydrogen be produced at fueling stations or at imperative destinations and transported to fueling stations?
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Additional info for Pathways to a Hydrogen Future
Energy Information Administration (EIA) (2005). Annual Energy Outlook 2005. United States Department of Energy. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (2006). Annual Energy Review 2004. United States Department of Energy. Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (2006). Hydrogen, Fuel Cells & Infrastructure Technologies Program. United States Department of Energy. gov/. Hakim, D. (2005). Taking the Future for a Drive. New York Times, 2 November. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) (2001).
80 $/gallon before the 2020 FCV would be competitive. 75 $/gallon. Conclusion Compelling reasons for moving to a hydrogen economy abound in today’s demanding, developing global societies. Surging worldwide growth in energy consumption raises concerns about resource availability, energy security, and environmental degradation. The use of hydrogen can alleviate some of these problems, but will depend, in large part, on the chosen pathway. While some sources of hydrogen (electrolysis using wind) would reduce reliance on hydrocarbons, other choices (NPO, onboard reformation) would not.
With about 5% of the world’s population, the United States accounts for 25% of total world demand (EIA 2005a). 3 billion people in the world (EIA 2005a). And what the industrialized world has, the rest of the world wants. For example, the sale of cars in China has exploded in recent years; sales of new cars increased 60% in 2004 (Gallagher 2006). Chinese consumers, just like every consumer in already developed countries, crave the freedom promised by owning a car. China’s recent entry to the World Trade Organization (WTO) means reduced tariffs on imported vehicles and, for the first time, access to financing.
Pathways to a Hydrogen Future by Thomas Drennen, Jennifer Rosthal