Download e-book for kindle: Knowledge, Networks and Nations: Global scientific by Royal Society

By Royal Society

ISBN-10: 0854038906

ISBN-13: 9780854038909

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Extra resources for Knowledge, Networks and Nations: Global scientific collaboration in the 21st century

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The Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences in the USA has been free online since 1997 to the developing world. In 2006 the UK’s Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC) made all of its journal output free through its Archives for Africa project. Professor Shem O. Wadinga, Director of the Centre for Science Technology Innovations in Nairobi, and Chair of the Pan Africa Chemistry Network Kenya hub, is a keen advocate of the RSC’s scheme. ‘Archives for Africa has opened up a rare window for African researchers and libraries in keeping up to date with the latest scientific information.

Physics Letters B 688, 21–42. shtml, accessed 30 September 2010. 165 The institutions were based in Canada, China, France, Germany, India, Japan, New Zealand, the UK and the USA. 166 Wagner C et al. (2002). Linking effectively: learning lessons from successful collaboration in science and technology. Science and Technology Policy Institute, RAND Corporation: Arlington, VA, USA. 2. 167 100000 90000 Key 1996 figures are shown with a dash, and 2008 figures with an arrow, indicating progression over time.

A simple linear growth from current GDP to target provided the path towards the target. Exceptions are: the USA, which has not provided a date for the 3% target established by President Obama to be met; we have assumed 2014. Japan has set a target of 1% of GDP for public expenditure only, to be achieved by 2010. We have assumed that private expenditure continued to grow with GDP over the remainder of the forecast period. 6. 155 The dotted lines indicate projections 35% 35% 30% 30% Global GlobalShare ShareTotal TotalArticles Articles 25% 25% 20% 20% 15% 15% 10% 10% spending until 2007, forecasts from that date.

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Knowledge, Networks and Nations: Global scientific collaboration in the 21st century by Royal Society


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