Read e-book online Heads up! : early warning systems for climate-, water- and PDF

By Michael H. Glantz

ISBN-10: 9280871382

ISBN-13: 9789280871388

This booklet presents a assessment of early caution platforms in operation, whereas exploring a variety of dangers together with hurricanes, warmth waves, floods, droughts, tsunami and volcanoes.--Publisher's description.

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Additional resources for Heads up! : early warning systems for climate-, water- and weather-related hazards

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During the monitoring phase, GIS can be used to acquire, fuse and analyse a large amount of real-time weather data quickly. Once data are mapped in a GIS, they can be provided as critical guidance to decision-makers, which can aid the mitigation, planning, response and recovery processes. Furthermore, if predetermined thresholds of risk levels are approached, the GIS system can be used to alert emergency managers and first responders to the threat and quickly identify vulnerable populations. GIS is already being employed in several EWSs around the world.

They must only be receptive to being warned. Weaknesses In theory and on paper, early warning systems function quite efficiently. In reality, however, they seldom work smoothly. Despite the best efforts of individuals, agencies and governments, neither nature nor the climate follows a set pattern or a government’s best hopes for their good behaviour. ” This is especially true as far as human interactions with climate systems are concerned, where demographic changes (population shifts as well as increasing affluence or increasing poverty) over time alter the impacts on societies and ecosystems of constantly varying and changing atmospheric behaviour.

Furthermore, we are starting to INTRODUCTION 19 see stronger storms, some of which are now being labelled “superstorms”. In fact, we are witnessing the appearance of “seasons of superstorms”. While many of the computer-model-based climate change scenarios yield the foreseeable consequences of global warming out to the year 2050, 2070 or even 2100, we are now already witnessing in different parts of the globe some effects scientists had expected to take place in the distant future. Coral reefs are dying worldwide; permafrost is melting; each new year seems to be ranked in the hottest 10 years on record; tropical storms in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian Oceans are increasing in frequency and intensity; and so forth.

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Heads up! : early warning systems for climate-, water- and weather-related hazards by Michael H. Glantz

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