No lnternalization lnternalization The distinction made along these lines depends on the degree of integration into the mother company.
Organizational change has been defined by Tichy (1983) as "modification of components (technical, political, cultural) in order to establish intemal fit". Argyris/Schön ( 1978) as "modification of organizations' underlying norms, policies and objectives". Schein (1985) as "the induction of new patterns of action, belief, and attitudes". Torbert (1989) as modification in "goals, types of strategy, structure or changes in assumptions in persons, groups and organizations". Other authors have provided additional definitions of change (Goodman et al, 1982; Chakravarthy, 1982; Levy/Merry, 1986; Waterman, 1988; French/Bell, 1977; Probst, 23 Traditional studies in the organization theory field are primarily concemed with the stability of the structure and activities of individual organizations (Aidrich, 1979).
Teleological models explain development by proposing that purpose guides the movement of an organization. An entity is capable of correcting mistakes internally, adapting to the environment, and monitaring the progress. Proponents of this theory view development as a modification of goals based on the assumption that organizations have the capability of imposing change upon themselves based on internal criteria of efficiency. Some of the most widely know models within this category are decision-making theories (March/Simon, 1958), adaptive learning (March/Olsen, 1979), or social construction (Berger/Luckmann, 1992) 25 According to V an de Yen/Pooie (1995), this category is based on evolutionary models which adopt biological theories of explanation.
Development of Joint Ventures: Conditions — Influences — Relationships by Bettina B????chel