By National Commission on the BP Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill and Offshore Drilling
On April 20, 2010, the Macondo good blew out, costing the lives of eleven males, and starting a disaster that sank the Deepwater Horizon drilling rig and spilled approximately five million barrels of crude oil into the Gulf of Mexico. The spill disrupted a complete quarter s financial system, broken fisheries and important habitats, and taken vividly to mild the dangers of deepwater drilling for oil and fuel the most recent frontier within the nationwide strength provide. quickly after, President Barack Obama appointed a seven-member fee to enquire the catastrophe, research its reasons and results, and suggest the activities essential to reduce such hazards sooner or later. The fee s file bargains the yank public and policymakers alike the fullest account to be had of what occurred within the Gulf and why, and proposes activities adjustments in corporation habit, reform of govt oversight, and investments in learn and expertise required as strikes ahead to satisfy the state s power wishes.
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Extra info for Deep Water: The Gulf Oil Disaster and the Future of Offshore Drilling
Shell then spent more than $40 million to extend the vessel’s depth capability with a larger marine riser, enhanced dynamic positioning, and a new remote-operated vehicle to enable sophisticated work where human divers could not venture. 52 In the next central Gulf area-wide sale, in April 1984, many different operators jumped in to compete for deepwater tracts. This prompted Shell to move quickly in deploying the Shell America, a $45 million custom-designed, state-of-the-art seismic vessel that provided company geophysicists with high-quality, proprietary seismic data.
Turbidites in deepwater were potentially much larger, less faulted, and might have prolific flow rates. 48 During 1978–1980, hoping to test its theories about the regional geology, Shell nominated deepwater tracts for auction. 49 Then, in 1982, the Interior Department announced a new system of area-wide offshore leasing. , the central Gulf of Mexico) up to 50 million acres, rather than rationing tracts through a tedious nomination and selection process. 50 Strong political opposition to area-wide leasing by some coastal states and environmental organizations stymied its effective use in other parts of the nation (see Chapter 3), but not in the Gulf, where oil companies had long operated.
To produce oil from the Bullwinkle field, the company installed in 1988 a $500 million fixed platform, 162 stories high—taller than Chicago’s Sears Tower (now the Willis Tower), the tallest building in the world at the time. The Bullwinkle platform was the largest and last conventional jacket of its kind. 57 Moving deeper would require alternative production methods: subsea wells, tension-leg platforms, or floating systems. Operators had put subsea wells to use in the North Sea, but they were still extremely expensive.
Deep Water: The Gulf Oil Disaster and the Future of Offshore Drilling by National Commission on the BP Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill and Offshore Drilling