By Douglas W. Richmond
Synthesizing an intensive and heterogeneous diversity of assets, Douglas W. Richmond covers 3 tumultuous political upheavals of this era. First, Mexico’s fledgling republic tried to impose a liberal ideology at odds with conventional Maya tradition on Yucatán; then, the French-backed regime of Emperor Maximilian started to reform Yucatán; and, eventually, the republican forces of Benito Juárez restored the liberal hegemony. Many concerns spurred resistance to those liberal governments. Instillation of unfastened exchange guidelines, the suppression of civil rights, and persecution of the Roman Catholic Church mobilized white competition to liberal governors. The Mayas fought the seizure in their communal houses. A long-standing hope for nearby autonomy united nearly all Yucatecans. Richmond advances the thought-provoking argument that Yucatán either fared greater lower than Maximilian’s moment Empire than less than the liberal republic and may have thrived extra had the second one Empire now not collapsed.
the main violent and bloody manifestation of those large conflicts used to be the Caste struggle (Guerra de Castas), the longest sustained peasant insurrection in Latin American heritage. the place different students have encouraged the simplistic place that the conflict used to be a Maya rebellion designed to reestablish a legendary prior civilization, Richmond’s subtle recounting of political advancements from 1855 to 1876 restores nuance and complexity to this pivotal time in Yucatecan history.
Richmond’s Conflict and Carnage in Yucatán is a great addition to scholarship approximately Mexico and Yucatán in addition to approximately country consolidation, empire, and regionalism.
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Extra info for Conflict and Carnage in Yucatán: Liberals, the Second Empire, and Maya Revolutionaries, 1855-1876
At this point most people believed that indigenous peoples in Mesoamerica could not construct temples and palaces of high quality. Frederick Catherwood, an established explorer and artist, agreed to join Stephens. Due to his connections as a Democratic activist, Stephens obtained from President Martin Van Buren the position of US representative to the Central American Federation. The joint discoveries of Stephens and Catherwood thrilled many because they confirmed the originality of Mayan civilization.
6 Their next expedition took them to Yucatán in October 1841. During his second research trip, Stephens became interested in the idea of a civilization with no ties to the Old World and refuted the writings of a European traveler who claimed that the Maya were actually Phoenicians. Stephens concluded that these “American ruins” represented part of an “American history” in which he envisioned Yucatecan ties to the United States. 7 Stephens also recorded the details of wealth and privilege among the landowners.
31 The haciendas that dominated Yucatán by the nineteenth century emerged during the colonial era. By the seventeenth century, Spaniards had developed many modest livestock estates. The casa principal (big house) became a social center for family gatherings or ceremonies to honor the saint of the hacienda. Both events lasted for days, often highlighted with processions, bullfights, horse racing, and dancing. Each hacienda always had a chapel as well as a jail to lock up drunks and punish servants, who were usually born in the haciendas or nearby.
Conflict and Carnage in Yucatán: Liberals, the Second Empire, and Maya Revolutionaries, 1855-1876 by Douglas W. Richmond