What's the personality of secularism in international locations that weren't pervaded by means of Christianity, resembling China, India, and the countries of the center East? To what volume is the secular an imposition of colonial rule? How does secularism comport with neighborhood non secular cultures in Africa, and the way does it paintings with neighborhood types of energy and governance in Latin the US? Has glossy secularism developed organically, or is it even helpful, and has it usually intended development?
A important extension of Charles Taylor's an earthly Age, during which he exhaustively chronicled the emergence of secularism in Latin Christendom, this anthology applies Taylor's findings to secularism's worldwide migration. Abdullahi Ahmed An-Na'im, Rajeev Bhargava, Akeel Bilgrami, Souleymane Bachir Diagne, Sudipta Kaviraj, Claudio Lomnitz, Alfred Stepan, Charles Taylor, and Peter van der Veer every one discover the transformation of Western secularism past Europe, and the gathering closes with Taylor's reaction to every essay. What started as a contemporary response to―as good as a obdurate extension of―Latin Christendom has develop into a fancy export formed by way of the world's spiritual and political structures. Brilliantly alternating among highbrow and methodological techniques, this quantity fosters a better engagement with the phenomenon throughout disciplines.
Can Secularism commute? / Charles TaylorThe Sufi and the kingdom / Souleymane Bachir Diagne --
The person and Collective Self-Liberation version of Ustadh Mahmoud Mohamed Taha / Abdullahi Ahmed An-Nacim --
Creating Democratically pleasant dual Tolerations open air of Latin Christendom : Tunisia / Alfred Stepan --
Secularism and the Mexican Revolution / Claudio Lomnitz --
Is Confucianism Secular? / Peter van der Veer --
Disenchantment Deferred / Sudipta Kaviraj --
An historical Indian Secular Age? / Rajeev Bhargava --
Gandhi's Radicalism : An Interpretation / Akeel Bilgrami --
A Secular Age outdoor Latin Christendom : Charles Taylor responds / Charles Taylor.
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Extra info for Beyond the Secular West (Religion, Culture, and Public Life)
It is important to remember here that there is no single sharia and that even under the four rightly guided caliphs, pluralism had already taken place in political and judicial matters. Does this mean the state was de facto secular? This opinion is sometimes held by progressive Muslims who want to insist on the fact that Islam was secular even before secularism became a defining feature of modernity. But this is like interpreting “Render unto Caesar the things which are Caesar’s” as a statement about the separation of church and state.
Al Farābī, who considered politics a prolongation of cosmology and the “ideal state” to be a worldly reflection of the perfect cosmic order, 34 • the sufi and the state identified the truly philosophic ruler of that state with a prophet or an imam legislator. Such an insān kāmil, the fully accomplished, perfectus human being, the one on whom the active intellect has descended, is the one capable of leading people to happiness. Twelve qualities distinguish him,9 Al Farābī explains, while his successors will retain fewer and fewer of those: the law of becoming and inevitable decay is inescapable.
Abu Nasr Al Farābī (870–950), who can be considered the “founder of an Islamic tradition of political philosophy rooted in the teachings of Plato,”8 was thus followed by a philosopher such as Ibn Bājjah (Avempace, 1085–1138), who considered the main lesson to be drawn from Plato’s philosophy was that “the perfect state” was an impossible utopia and therefore rejected the very notion of an intervention of the “lover of wisdom” in the affairs of the state. Al Farābī, who considered politics a prolongation of cosmology and the “ideal state” to be a worldly reflection of the perfect cosmic order, 34 • the sufi and the state identified the truly philosophic ruler of that state with a prophet or an imam legislator.
Beyond the Secular West (Religion, Culture, and Public Life)