By Michael F. Hull
Even if 1 Cor 15:29 (“Otherwise what are they to do, who've themselves baptized because of the lifeless? If the lifeless will not be particularly raised, why are they baptized as a result of them?”) has got an enormous quantity of cognizance within the biblical academy, there's no scholarly consensus as to its that means. to be able to holiday the present deadlock, this quantity reports and evaluations the over 40 various interpretations of 15:29, then examines the verse anew when it comes to its literary, old, and theological contexts in the writings of Paul. at the foundation of this examine, Hull concludes that 1 Cor 15:29 is a twin rhetorical query within which Paul holds up one crew in the Corinthian group as a laudable instance for the whole neighborhood. particularly, those that have themselves baptized are present process the ceremony of baptism as a result of their steadfast religion within the resurrection of Christ and, concomitantly, of Christians. They endure the ceremony of baptism “on account of the dead”—on account of the truth that the lifeless are destined for life—and hence disgrace the boldness and lack of awareness of these one of the Corinthians who deny the resurrection (1 Cor 15:12).
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Extra info for Baptism On Account of the Dead (1 Cor 15:29): An Act of Faith in the Resurrection (Academia Biblica (Society of Biblical Literature) (Paper))
29b, he presumes similar usage in v. 29a. On this basis, Reaume rejects the notion that nekrov~ might be used figuratively to refer to either the spiritually dead or to dying bodies as argued by Thompson, O’Neill, and Murphy-O’Connor. Furthermore, Reaume detects a distinction in Paul’s use of nekrov~. The articular construction tw`n nekrw`n denotes a particular designation of dead individuals; the anarthrous noun nekroiv denotes the dead in general. This grammatical distinction is borne out in Paul’s usage.
On nekrov~, Foschini is a bit vague: “We interpret the phrase ton nekron in the same sense in which nekros is used throughout the whole of chapter 15; namely, the actually dead, those who have departed this life. ”70 For Foschini, 15:29 is probably not a reference to any custom, aberrant or not, but the opening of part of a continuing argument on behalf of the resurrection. , that such a practice was established. , it is neither a reference to vicarious baptism nor to some strange form or invocation of ordinary baptism.
Despite their common starting point (concern for those who did not hear the gospel), their notions of the Corinthian understanding of vicarious baptism are different in that Martin sees the principal effect of baptism as a means to resurrection rather than incorporation into the Church. Martin claims that living family members were baptized vicariously on behalf of departed ones in order to incorporate the latter into the kingdom of God and, therefore, into the resurrection. The factor of time, as with John’s baptism, was secondary to the primary importance of membership in the kingdom.
Baptism On Account of the Dead (1 Cor 15:29): An Act of Faith in the Resurrection (Academia Biblica (Society of Biblical Literature) (Paper)) by Michael F. Hull